Intrinsically disordered domain of transcription factor TCF-1 is required for T cell developmental fidelity
Goldman N, Chandra A, Johnson I, Sullivan MA, Patil AR, Vanderbeck A, Jay A, Zhou Y, Ferrari EK, Mayne L, Aguilan J, Xue HH, Faryabi RB, John Wherry E, Sidoli S, Maillard I, Vahedi G

Nature Immunology


In development, pioneer transcription factors access silent chromatin to reveal lineage-specific gene programs. The structured DNA-binding domains of pioneer factors have been well characterized, but whether and how intrinsically disordered regions affect chromatin and control cell fate is unclear. Here, we report that deletion of an intrinsically disordered region of the pioneer factor TCF-1 (termed L1) leads to an early developmental block in T cells. The few T cells that develop from progenitors expressing TCF-1 lacking L1 exhibit lineage infidelity distinct from the lineage diversion of TCF-1-deficient cells. Mechanistically, L1 is required for activation of T cell genes and repression of GATA2-driven genes, normally reserved to the mast cell and dendritic cell lineages. Underlying this lineage diversion, L1 mediates binding of TCF-1 to its earliest target genes, which are subject to repression as T cells develop. These data suggest that the intrinsically disordered N terminus of TCF-1 maintains T cell lineage fidelity.